I remember the days a few decades ago, when it was time to get our answer sheets after the exams.

Our hearts would go thumping with an extra lub-dup.

There used to be a cyclone inside till the marks were released. This tsunami of thoughts would last for a few minutes, a few hours, may be few days for some. A few would show that they are not interested and the rest would just pack the sheets in the bags which were square shaped those times.

I had forgotten those mid-school years but am experiencing the same cyclone when my daughter is in the same boat. I wouldn’t be affected by marks at this stage of life, but her sessions of crying and getting upset for 0.5 or 1 mark every now and then, would bring out the fire ball of anger from within her.

I would explain to her that a mark here or there would not matter in the long-run, but conceptual learning would do. Listening to this, my younger son had to tell her one day  “Didi just believe in yourself. “We don’t have to make a pickle out of the marks obtained” as mom always says.

I wonder why couldn’t our education system change over all these decades.

Learning can not be quantitative as someone has said, but the stakes are still attached to scores.

The short term memory is still regurgitated and evaluated. Would we ever be able to understand the concept of HOLISTIC LEARNING and “KNOW THYSELF”



Babies have a natural sucking reflex which develops during the intra uterine life, persists during early infancy and facilitates breast feeding.

Interestingly thumb sucking behaviour is also found in chimpanzees and captive ring tailed lemurs. Thumb sucking is one of the most common habits of children but most of them stop thumb sucking on their own by the age of 2-4 years.

It has an incidence of about 25% in < 2 years and 15% under 5 years.

However if  thumb sucking behaviour persists beyond a certain age as a sort of self comforting ritual, it becomes a matter of concern for the parents.


A baby comes crying into this world. Crying is also an essential ways of communication by the child with his caregivers. But excessive / fussy crying may become a matter of distress for the baby ,parents and the family.

Baby colic or infantile colic is defined as episodes of crying for > 3 hours a day for >3 days a week for three weeks in an otherwise healthy child.

The episodes start suddenly usually in the evening. It may start at 2-3 weeks of age but peaks around 6 weeks and persists till 6 months. It is seen in about 25% of the normal newborns.

Associated symptoms include flushed face, clenched hands and legs pulled to the stomach.


Nocturnal Enuresis or Bed Wetting as is commonly called, is an involuntary urination during sleep in a child older than 5 years of age. However it may not just be only nocturnal, may be also present during the day (in 25% of children). Normally 90-95% of children are nearly completely dry during the day and 80-85% by night by 5 years of age. It is a cause of substantial psychological distress in children and even their families.

The prevalence is difficult to assess in the Indian scenario as it may be hidden by most of the parents due to social stigma attached to it or would be just brought up as a secondary problem when the child visits the pediatricians’ clinic.


We all have been gifted with a pair of eyes as sense organs of sight to enjoy the world around us and it is our duty to protect ourselves and our children from the overuse of the screen.

Today’s children and even adults are immersed in the well of digital media which has a powerful impact on the all round development of the child. Not only the blue light from our phones, ipads, laptops, tablets harm the eyes but also affect the other systems too.

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